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Directive 2009/48/EC Safety of toys

Toys contribute to child development and play is a necessary part of growing up. However, toys have to be safe for children to play with. Confirming that toys marketed in the EU do not put children at risk is a priority. EU legislation aims to ensure that toys meet safety desires that are amongst the strictest in the world, especially in relation to the use of chemicals in toys.

The Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC

The Directive lays down the safety criteria that toys must meet before they can be marketed in the EU. Toys must also comply with any other EU legislation applicable to them. The necessary safety requirements cover:

  • General risks: the health and safety of children, as well as other people like parents or caregivers
  • Particular risks: physical and mechanical, flammability, chemical, electrical, hygiene and radioactivity risks

The Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC replaced the former Directive 88/378/EEC. It adapted the legal framework to technological developments and previously unknown safety issues. The application and enforcement are aligned with the so-called 'New Legislative Framework'.

The new Directive had to be transposed by the EU Member States into their national legislation by 20 January 2011 and has applied since 20 July 2011. The chemical safety necessities have applied since 20 July 2013.